Vignobles Jérôme Bézios
Vignobles Jérôme Bézios, AOP Gaillac
Jérôme Bézios took over the family estate 20 years ago.
Since then, he has invested heavily in new technologies (temperature controls, filtration, etc.), in traditional practices (manual harvesting, tillage, etc.) and in a competent team in order to strive for optimum quality both at the level of production than winemaking. He is now at the head of two estates, the Domaine de la Croix des Marchands, where various wines are produced, including sparkling according to the ancestral method, and the Château Palvié, where are produced exclusively still wines more guard-oriented. Both estates are in the Gaïllac appellation.
Let us return to the Bubbles. The Domaine de la Croix des Marchands extends its vines over 30 hectares of gravelly terroir. They produce wines typical of the appellation, fruity and spicy. Their historic location attests to the presence of a two-thousand-year-old wine industry!
The excellent reputation of this estate makes it a benchmark of the Gaillac appellation.The Bézios vineyards have been HVE (level 3) and Terra Vitis labeled for more than 10 years, which today perfectly meets the expectations of quality and respect for the terroirs. and the environment.
History of the estates, the winegrowers
Located in the heart of the Gaillac vineyards, and more particularly in Montans, a large pottery center from the Gallo-Roman period, the Croix des Marchands estate has its roots in its location. A former crossroads of potters, it attests to the presence of a two-thousand-year-old wine-growing activity. Predestined for the vine, our vineyard is family-owned and has been passed down from father to son for several generations. Independent winegrowers attached to our terroir and to our grape varieties from the Gaillac vineyard, we produce, vinify, condition and distribute our Gaillac wines with a purely qualitative vision.
It was in the 1930s that the first vines sprouted up in Montans, just next to Gaillac.
At the time they were not alone, we did mixed farming, breeding and Gaillac wines. When Jean-Marie Bezios takes over, admiring the pioneer winegrowers of our Gaillac vineyard, he decides to devote himself solely to the vine. This step marks the beginnings of the "Domaine la Croix des Marchands" in the 1970s. Years of work and care followed to produce our first vintage in 1983 in traditional red.
Years later, in 1998, Jérôme joined the team after completing his studies in wine. In 1999 the estate grew. From the beginnings of Château Palvié, which completes our range of Gaillac wines.
These Cahuzac sur Vère vines then offered the possibility of expanding the vintages and Jérôme seized this opportunity. In 1999, the first cuvée was born. Today the two estates are grouped together under the same name: "Les vignobles Jérôme Bezios", and we are fortunate to be able to work two terroirs of the Gaillac appellation to offer you a richer and more complete discovery of the wines of the AOP Gaillac.
With a reception area near Gaillac for the purchase and tasting of our wines, we can show you around the cellar and our estate by appointment (minimum 10 people) throughout the year.
One vineyard, two terroirs
Few are aware of this, and yet the Gaillac vineyard is one of the oldest vineyards in France. Of lesser renown than are vineyards such as Bordeaux or Burgundy, our estates and our Gaillac vines nonetheless have an identity marked by centuries of wine culture.
With a total area of 6,800 hectares, the Gaillac vineyard has many independent wineries and winegrowers, including 3,150 hectares in Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Gaillac. All of our vines are worked in AOP Gaillac and we have been producing all of our wines according to these specifications since our beginnings.
The Gaillac vineyard is divided and divided into three main terroirs. We are now fortunate to use vines from 2 of these main terroirs.
First of all, Domaine la Croix des Marchands, which is made up of around thirty hectares in a gravel terroir. This first soil, called terraces of the left bank of the Tarn, is essentially gravelly.
These vines, located in Montans, all around our reception and tasting area, marked the beginnings of the estate and allow us to produce fruity and spicy wines. Conducted in Guyot, they are worked every day by our entire team and provide us with fruit to produce a range of white, red, rosé, sweet wines and ancestral methods. The average age of these vines is 30 years and the harvest is mechanical and manual.
On the other side of the Tarn is the right bank and its hillsx. Here we find the clay-limestone terroir of Château Palvié and its older vines, allowing us to offer richer and more powerful wines. Thanks to the twenty hectares of "goblet" vines that we have, we can offer a range of more concentrated wines that are more suitable for aging. In Cahuzac sur Vère you will only find the vines. At harvest time, we harvest all of the Château Palvié grapes and transport them carefully to the fermentation, vinification and aging cellar located at the Croix des Marchands estate in Montans. Once in the cellar, the harvest is worked in a very distinct way, on the one hand that from the vines of Château Palvié and on the other hand from the vines of the Croix des Marchands estate.
For more than 25 years, we have been working to offer 100% AOP Gaillac wines, mainly made from the old grape varieties of the appellation. We also do our utmost to produce wines from a "living and natural" vineyard. This desire is reflected in our Terra Vitis label and, more recently, our Level 3 High Environmental Value certification.
A lasting commitment to offer you quality. A line of conduct that has always been dear to us and is materialized today by our “Terra Vitis” and “high Environmental Value” (HVE level 3) labels and certifications. Since 2010, we have been fully or openly committed to sustainable development.
"Cultivate the vines with passion and reason while respecting the Living Earth for the pleasure and health of all". Since 2010, we have been committed to sustainable development. The attribution of the “Terra Vitis” label attests that we are working for sustainable viticulture, to return to a “more natural” and “living” vineyard, in accordance with biodiversity and offering the guarantee of healthy, authentic and quality products. reflecting the characteristics of the Gaillac terroirs that we work on.
Quality certified "High Environmental Value"
The process certified High Environmental Value is a statement managed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Food. the HVE is based on environmental performance indicators which cover the entire operation and its management. Obtaining HVE certification corresponds to compliance with performance indicators in four areas:
The interest of this mention is to promote a type of agriculture that is particularly respectful of the environment and to allow producers to better promote their product. Unlike the Organic Agriculture certification, which is a "product" approach, the HVE is a "system" approach.
Since 2018, the estate has been officially certified "High Environmental Value" level 3. Of the 6,800 total hectares of the Gaillac vineyard, there are currently 450 hectares (ie around 7% of the vineyard) and 14 certified farms. The estate promotes biodiversity by preserving flora and fauna. this mention attests that we reduce the use of inputs and present a high degree of biodiversity in order to preserve the natural environment.
Natural fertilizers The faba bean: this green manure is an ancestral practice known to all which allows to naturally enrich the structure and fertility of the soil. Their destruction, before summer, contributes among other things to enriching the soil in nitrogen, ideal for the vines and their development.
The bio-fertil: it is by going through the vines that we set up this natural compost which improves the biological quality and the structure of the soils on which our vines grow.
A tourist and wine-growing destination "Provide customers with a quality welcome and a spirit of sharing to understand the world of wine"
This label, to which we have been a member since 2010, has been awarded to the entire Gaillac "country". It positions the destination as a place of complete wine tourism. As an official winegrower partner, this label underscores our commitments to make your visit a typically Gaillacois memory!
Our grape varieties
With a very rich wine-growing past and a strategic location, the Gaillac vineyard on which our vines are planted, has many indigenous and typical grape varieties. Their use in the composition of our wines does not represent an insignificant choice but, on the contrary, a desire to defend our terroirs, our typicity and our know-how to offer AOP Gaillac wines by sole AND by grape varieties.
Thus, for the whites, Mauzac participates in the development of our entire range: we associate it with Loin de l'Oeil (Len de l'el in Occitan) and Muscadelle which are also typical Gaillac grape varieties with aromas. very thin. For this which are reds, Duras, Braucol and Syrah constitute the production base of our range, providing finesse, structure, color and spicy flavors. A new kid, but one of the oldest in the appellation, has recently been added to them: Prunelard.
Let's see more in detail ...
Emblematic and traditional grape variety of the Gaillac vineyard, we use it in the composition of 90% of our white wines (dry / sweet and sparkling). Productive in nature, this grape variety with medium clusters and thick skin grows wonderfully on our estates.
Used to produce both dry and sweet whites, it is also the very origin of the ancestral method, one of the characteristics of our Gaillac appellation (to taste during a visit to the estate).
A vigorous grape variety, it offers marked aromas of apple and pear and makes it possible to produce fatty white wines with a slight acidity on the palate (as for our Château Palvié dry white - 100% Mauzac - also to be tasted at the estate on a simple visit)
Fragile and irregular in nature, Muscadelle is a delicate grape that we only use in blending.
It goes perfectly for the production of dry or sweet white wines. its floral character and its aromas of exotic fruits bring a nice note of freshness in our wines as on the dry white pearly freshness (typicality of the Gaillac appellation that we recommend you to taste during your visit to the estate).
Out of sight
The Occitan originality of "len de l'el", or far from the eye, comes from its name which leaves all those who hear it for the first time questioning. This native grape variety from the Gaillac vineyard, it is so named because its cluster grows far from the bud (from the eye), the stem of this vine is particularly long, which pushes the cluster "far from the eye". It is a productive grape variety that gives nice generous clusters with juicy berries. It is used in association with Mauzac or Muscadelle in our AOP Gaillac wines (we particularly recommend it on our late harvests "the sweet secrets" of Château Palvié, to be tasted during your visit to the estate).
The far from the eye offers a wide range of aromas and contributes to the production of very fine wines with little acidity.
Fer servadou, chalamonchet, pinenc, mansois or even BRAUCOL, depending on the region this grape variety has different names but it is only used in the South-West.
Very resistant, it offers dense clusters allowing to produce red wines of character, elegant wines with a dark color and with a good aging capacity in general.
Used in all of our reds at Domaine la Croix des Marchands and Château Palvié, this versatility shows all the value of this grape variety which gives beautiful peppery and fruity notes to our wines (wild berries, blackcurrant, raspberry).
Emblematic grape variety which is said to originate from the Gaillac vineyard, we use it today in the assembly of our "tradition" cuvée which is itself packaged in a Gaillac bottle.
This is the typical cuvée in red, a grape variety fond of the sun, it is productive but fragile.
It offers a juice of sustained color with fine tannins as well as peppery and spicy notes.
Probably one of the oldest grape varieties in the Gaillac vineyard, it has long been unused following its disappearance during the phylloxera crisis.
Reintegrated for a few years in the blends of our red wines, today we only use it in our "Tradition" cuvée from Château Palvié.
It is a not very productive grape variety which makes it possible to create balanced and structured wines with aromas of spices and ripe fruit.
Very widespread throughout the world, Syrah has been found in the Gaillac vineyards for many years.
It contributes to the assembly of all our cuvées of red wines. It brings a sustained color, gourmet notes of fruit and spices as well as a beautiful structure in the mouth.
It is also part of the composition of our rosé, releasing a beautiful fruity finesse.
The star of our Gaillac Primeur!
Used for its composition, it is a grape variety with clusters and juicy berries that offer gourmet wines.
and very fruity.
It is tasted every year from the third Thursday in November.
At the estate, it is used for Gaillac Primeur and, along with Syrah, is used in the composition of our rosé.
The work of the vines in the 4 seasons
Winter, or the origin of the grapes, is a very important period for the vine, contrary to what one might think!
This is the time for pruning and selecting the buds that will give rise to future clusters and the future harvest. This is a very important choice step for us.
It is also the beginning of the work cycle of the vine. Pruning usually begins in the month of dice.
From December and will run until March.
When spring arrives, nature wakes up, the buds begin to bloom and it is time for us to work the soil.
The aeration of the soil, the suppression of weeds or the prevention of certain diseases.
It is also at this time of the year that we plant the new vines or that we proceed to the disbudding of the mature vines in order to select the branches and the buds which will bear the future fruits.
Summer, from flowering to green harvest, is a very fragile and climate-sensitive period.
the beginning of flowering reveals small flowers which will give birth to future clusters. It is a good indicator of the start of the harvest, which generally takes place 100 days later.
In August, the green harvest allows us to select the best bunches of grapes, especially on young vines. Thus, we regulate and optimize the quality of the future harvest.
Autumn is here; its sweetness, its colors and its grape pickers!
Until the last bunch harvested, the climate is still essential for us during this period. When the end of the harvest rings, the work in the cellar can begin, it is then the end of the cycle of the vines which have worked well ...
A little rest for her before the preparation of the future size in a few weeks ...
One vineyard, two terroirs
Certified quality "HVE" & "Terra Vitis"
Cultivate the vines with passion and reason while respecting the Living Earth for the enjoyment and health of all.